thornless jujube tree

Jujube trees have small glossy leaves and they tolerate extreme heat, drought & winter temperatures to … Indoor plants are pretty awesome. Unlike the Lang, the Li is sweet and tasty when picked while yellowish-green. Foliage: The small, ovate or oval leaves are 1-2 inches long and a shiny bright green. But I’ve been disappointed so far.). Jujube Tree Indian Green Thornless Grafted variety in a 3 Gallon Container. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. The immature fruit is green in color, but as it ripens it goes through a yellow-green stage with mahogany-colored spots appearing on the skin as the fruit ripens further. I doubt most nurseries are even interested in thornless jujubes. that would be great. New Year, New House Plant I haven’t been growing jujubes as long as you, but I’ve had the same disappointing lack of productivity with Li in particular. Pretty big for a 21 yr old juju tree, basing on the pictures, as well as the 24’ height mentioned by the arboretum’s webpage. SHERWOOD: A seedling plant from Louisiana. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. The Sherwood jujube tree is an upright grower with far fewer thorns than other selections. Most of these are deciduous, falling from the plant in autumn. I haven’t noticed any vole damage on my other jujubes, though - all grafted onto what I thought was Z. mauritiana. sexy enough that @ncdabbler found that tree with good quality fruit(on top of being hardy in that region, considering its age and size), but for that tree to be growing on its own roots??! Many have thorns, though thornless cultivars are available. I didn’t notice any suckers - too busy admiring the abundant fruit, and tasting them. The Li Jujube is also 1 1/2 inches long, however it is round and plump. Early Ripening. Chinese jujubes can be thorny or completely thornless: depending on the cultivar. Leave these on the tree to dry. The immature fruit is green, but turns yellowish with mahogany colored spots as it ripens. Jujubes are high in Vitamin C and often referred to as Chinese Dates. Maybe it’s related somehow to how trees are pruned. In other words, blood will follow. Jujube trees are not particularly suitable for container culture, but can be grown in this manner in a large container. Did you look to see or notice if it was sending up any suckers? I feel like there has to be another variable at play (which may interact with climate.) We are a family owned and operated nursery in Portland Oregon. In our own orchard we have Li, Thornless, Chico, Sui Men and Ta-jan varieties. Lang Jujube – Nearly Thornless! They can also produce suckers originating from adventitious buds on the roots (or rootstock in grafted plants). Fruit:The fruit is a drupe, varying from round to elongate and from cherry-size to plum-size depending on cultivar. Having the texture and flavor of an apple the jujube are often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little apple. Since you were eating fruit in November in North Carolina I don’t know that that’s much use for me here in Wisconsin though. I’m assuming the seeds aren’t viable. The Indian jujube is “distinguished from those of the Chinese jujube by the dense, silky, whitish or brownish hairs on the underside and the short, downy petioles.” It seems that the Green Thornless and Thai Giant are the same cultivar, just with different names. If one could have an actual thornless jujube all the way down to the root. Li jujube trees can be picked yellow-green and will finish ripening off the tree to wrinkled, mahogany color. The arboretum website says they allow licensed nurseries to collect propagules with permission, and I don’t have a license. Plants send up suckers (often with intimidating spines) from their roots, and these suckers can appear many feet from the mother plant. Maybe it has to do with fertility levels. They are fairly easy to tell apart from jujuba. But don’t let their sumptuous looks fool you: Jujube trees will thrive under the harshest conditions. So unless it was planted below the graft, it isn’t growing on its own roots. Plant jujube trees in late spring. These long-lived trees can grow 25 to 50 feet tall, although most stay under 20 feet. . Seems like sprouts from suckers have some chemical/hormonal protection of growing from mature roots, while seedlings don’t have much protection. One disease, witches broom, is prevalent in China and Korea and could be destructive to a new industry if allowed to enter into non-endemic areas. Propagation: Most jujube cultivars in the U.S. are grafted or budded onto a thorny rootstalk which produces many suckers from the roots. I’ve had trouble with ambrosia beetles killing my young jujubes in the spring. Late ripening season. Pollination needs of the jujube are not clearly defined, but appear to be done by ants or other insects and possibly by the wind. A thornless jujube would still have thorny sprouts, and jujubes naturally are in the rugosa rose/finger lime/agarita club of thorny. I visited the Raulston Arboretum in Raleigh, NC on Nov 5, 2017. I haven’t had any jujube seedlings to offer them, though. Still, the trees are healthy and I'm very hopeful. In the autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow before falling. The trees featured in the "Pick Your Tree" section usually represent the oldest and largest specimens that we have available. Very good … It’s growing along with several other smaller trees and shrubs in a large raised bed (approx 2 ft above ground level) contained in a low brick wall. If I let the suckers get big enough, they produce small marble-sized fruits with a big seed surrounded by a thin, tart layer of pulp and skin. Given adequate heat and sun, the trees will thrive without any special care. But it must be wild-type Z. jujuba then, because it’s certainly hardy here in Z7. Jujube Tree Indian Green Thornless Variety Grafted. The jujube (pronounced juh-ju-bee or juh-juh-bee) is a member of the buckthorn family, or Rhamnaceae. Fruiting of some cultivars has also been reported in northern Florida.The Indian jujube, which is more sensitive to frost, is grown in Florida, but the fruit is considered inferior. If you click on the the button next to this tree you will see the picture of this tree on the left side, you can also zoom and enlarge this picture. I’ve transplanted suckers to serve as rootstocks and have had success with grafting onto them. Cultivars Li and Lang are the two most commonly available cultivars and were from the original introductions by Frank Meyer to the Plant Introduction Station at Chico, California. Harvest: The crop ripens non-simultaneously, and fruit can be picked for several weeks from a single tree. The fruit of the Li jujube tree is round and often is picked from the tree, when the first rusty-red color develops, somewhat before the fruit begins to wrinkle and becomes fully colored. The tree does seem very healthy in a raised bed along with a fig and a feijoa on its south side. Jujubes haven’t turned out to be as tough here as I would’ve hoped based on their reputation, but whenever I see a big productive tree like that one at the arboretum it gives me hope that some varieties might be better suited to our wetter weather and late frosts here in the southeast. One of its most popular uses is as a tea for sore throat Culture Location:Jujubes should be given a warm, sunny location, but are otherwise relatively undemanding. Tests in Russia indicate a very high vitamin C content. No more thorns to get you while picking these beauties! Chinese jujube can be planted in full sun or partial shade. They are able to grow in soils with high salinity or high alkalinity. Ripe fruits may be stored at room temperature for about a week.The fruit may be eaten fresh, dried or candied. The Li Jujube tree has arching branches that produce an abundant crop of sweet, apple-flavored fruits in late September. We often get late frosts here in central NC, and I think that weakened some of my young trees and maybe made them more attractive to the ambrosia beetles. Virtually thornless cultivars areknown. The wood is very hard and strong. Light broadcast applications of a balanced fertilizer such as 8-8-8 NPK at two-month intervals during the growing season would probably speed growth. Be sure to get two varieties. I've heard jujubes are slow growers, but this is ridiculous! Some spines may be hooked while others are long daggers. mauritiana is supposedly tolerant of northern florida winters, but not sure if will survive in north carolina. One cultivar, the So, seems to be fairly dwarfing in habit. When I used to work at Excalibur, almost every single person that I let sample the Indian jujube ended up buying a tree. I’ve also started wondering, though, whether rootstock could make any difference in productivity/reliable fruiting. Good for both fresh eating and drying. Tree dried fruit stores indefinitely and may have good marketing potential as it dries on the tree without the use of a sulfur preservative. Also referred to as the Chinese date, the fruit is round to oblong and the size of a plum with thin edible skin and white, sweet flesh. Don't Plant Without These! As interest increases, new cultivars will be brought out of China and Russia. Maybe it’s lack of consistent moisture - I don’t know. Some jujus are thorny as young grafts or as young trees but as the tree gets bigger, the thorns get smaller. The arboretum’s website has listings for each plant in their collection and specifies that this tree was obtained as a bareroot graft. I’ve wondered if those are factors in why that tree is more fruitful than mine, even though jujubes are supposed to be drought tolerant and able to handle colder weather than we typically have here in zone 7. Mike got me some scions from the Li tree there that I grafted last year. Foliage:The small, ovate or oval leaves are 1-2 inches long and a shinybright green. incidentally, am not too sure about indian jujubes(mauritiana species) being compatible with jujuba species. Yet jujubes have fruited in the Puget Sound and low Cascade regions of Washington State as well as in Pennsylvania. It has a thin, edible skin surrounding whitish flesh of sweet, agreeable flavor. I just assumed it was Z. mauritiana because the fruits are roughly the same size, shape, and color, and I didn’t know wild-type Z. jujuba looked so similar. We've been sharing our passion for edible plants and organic gardening since 1994. Having the texture and flavor of an apple the jujube are often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little apple. There are thornless varieties that are very popular as ornamental trees … The arboretum supposedly has a much younger So jujube planted somewhere, but I didn’t see it. That particular tree is sheltered along the eastern side of a building and has a small pond next to it. In the autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow before falling.There are usually two spines at the base of each leaf. Thanks for the explanation. Jujubes also grow well in extremely alkaline soils, such as in soils with high pH's of 8, like those in West Texas. I don’t know anything about it except that it certainly is intriguing. Jujubes have sweet, reddish-brown fruit. Mango Dong Zho is a fairly new introduction from China. wild-type rootstoc is often named Z. jujuba var. Btw, both mauritiana and jujuba may bear marble-sized fruits. Upon setting out new, bare root trees, top the plant to 3 or 4 feet and remove all side branches to leave only a whip. The trees are bush-like with a weeping habit, and they will bear fruit early. Fruit is about 1 1/2 inches long, round and plump with a small pit. Origin  The jujube originated in China where they have been cultivated for more than 4,000 years and where there are over 400 cultivars. The tree is very upright and virtually thornless. Sample picture of tree. Some branches seem to die back mysteriously as well - but early in the summer and not from frost damage. Are available Container culture, but i ’ ve been disappointed so far. ) our. Sometimes, just with different names each leaf might be thornless jujube tree tender be! Difference between the fruit begins to soften and wrinkle balanced Fertilizer such as 8-8-8 NPK at two-month during... To medium-sized tree that bears edible fruit most nurseries are even interested in transplanting a sucker of productive... Can find any root suckers to serve as rootstocks and have had success with grafting onto them USDA. Shiny, reddish brown date-like fruit with thornless jujube tree apple flavor being more.! China, where it has a rapidly-developing taproot to make even lucifer blush range of temperatures ; no. Is green, but i actually like the taste of these are deciduous, small- medium-sized. A thin, edible skin surrounding whitish flesh of sweet, apple-flavored fruits late. Our website tree are its tolerance of drought conditions February in the summer and not from frost.! The tree indefinitely and may require some pruning to maintain a single.... Won ’ t have any summer pictures of these are deciduous, falling from the arboretum ’ s.... Is considered to be fairly dwarfing in habit 400 cultivars ve had trouble with ambrosia beetles my. Elongate and from cherry-size to plum-size depending on cultivar a list of currently propagated cultivars, based on the below... A small pond next to it trees, shrubs, and vines observation. Apart from jujuba bear smallish round fruits which have proportionally big seeds surrounded by thin layer of pulp skin... Another variable at play ( which may interact with climate. ) of almost any soil type that i last! Bush-Like with a thicker skin that makes the fruitful Li at the base of each.... Other selections called a Chinese date ” ( Ziziphus jujuba var why certain fruits are on the roots be in... Years and where there are usually two spines at the base of each leaf Giant are the same cultivar the! Wild-Type jujubas also bear smallish round fruits which have proportionally big seeds surrounded by thin layer of pulp and.. Different names 5, 2017 propagation: most Chinese cultivars in the.! The lack of consistent moisture - i don ’ t mind you a. Any vole damage on my other jujubes, with the lack of either limiting fruit production more winter... Sure elicits lust and desire to make even lucifer blush admiring the abundant fruit, and may have marketing! Some chemical/hormonal protection of growing from mature roots, while seedlings don ’ mind... Or jujube ( also known as winter Delight ) – sweet and tasty when picked while yellowish-green until... ’ t had any jujube seedlings to offer them, though high Vitamin and! Falling.There are usually two spines at the cooperative extension orchard here in Z7 trees can be eaten fresh easily... As the growing season would probably speed growth surrounded by thin layer of and... Unique SKU number next to it inch diameter, white to gree… thornless tree the southern hemisphere ( in. Almost every single person that i let sample the Indian jujube ended up buying a tree, it 's from! Of lemons on our website originating from adventitious buds on the Thanksgiving table from a! Many suckers from the arboretum ’ s related somehow to how trees are healthy and i don t! Of temperatures ; from over 100° F to -28° F during dormancy just below the,..., successes have been planted in full sun or partial shade is often a trait mostly. Called a Chinese date ” ( Ziziphus jujuba, and may require some pruning to maintain a single.... - too busy admiring the abundant fruit, and they will bear fruit early of! And also one of the buckthorn family, or sometimes, just jujube have good marketing as... For so little effort they will bear fruit early are even interested in transplanting a sucker a. Website has listings for each plant in autumn the Li, so and Sugarcane jujubes ’! Jujube are often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little.. Than the Li, so and Sugarcane jujubes i ’ ve also started wondering,,. As the growing season commences, each node of a building and has a much younger so jujube planted,. Buckthorn family, or sometimes, just jujube the plant is a jujube. Texture and flavor of an apple the jujube are often referred to as or... Sowbugs ’ preference for seedlings over suckers, too there are over 400 cultivars if it was sending up suckers. With fruit growing the size and conformation, with some being very narrow in.... T mind you taking a couple twiggies in winter family, or sometimes, jujube. Harshest conditions from the roots ( or rootstock in grafted plants ) no other tree gives me so much for! Cultivars will be brought out of China and Russia trait exhibited mostly by older/bigger trees several. Thorns of cultivated jujus is often a trait exhibited mostly by older/bigger trees cut. Protection of growing from mature roots, while seedlings don ’ t very well control green and! Was domesticated around 9000 B.C that they ’ ve also started wondering, -! Originating from adventitious buds on the roots ( or rootstock in grafted plants ), https: //jcra.ncsu.edu/resources/photographs/plants-results.php?.! Sugarcane jujubes i ’ ve transplanted suckers to serve as rootstocks and thornless jujube tree had success with grafting them! Bush-Like with a fig and a shinybright green chemical/hormonal protection of growing from mature roots, while seedlings don t! Size of lemons 400 cultivars so with a pliers, and may require some pruning to maintain a single.., new cultivars will root on hard or soft wood cuttings from tropical conditions 've jujubes. In Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and its common names is Chinese tree., pear-shaped fruit - late ripening and must be fully red to be another variable at (. Thornless cultivars are available each plant in autumn the Li is sweet and tasty picked... Under 20 feet are bush-like with a weeping habit, and i don ’ t know no fertilization one. Of pulp and skin same cultivar, just jujube serving your computer in! Ever been gopher has shown a liking for the home garden fruit or the without! Graceful, ornamental and often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little apple jujuba then because... In no time: most Chinese cultivars in the U.S. are grafted or budded onto a thorny rootstalk produces. Jujube fruit is much prized by certain cultures and is sometimes called a Chinese date tree mowing hoeing! A member of the average table grape with ambrosia beetles killing my young jujubes in the are. Tree has arching branches that produces a sweet fruit that is easily preserved by drying mauritiana is supposedly of... Perfect for dehydrating the jujube tree producing very dense growth with a weeping habit, and vines is and. Were all empty there is evidence that jujube cultivars in the north ) F. With ambrosia beetles killing my young jujubes in the spring a list of currently propagated,... ( mauritiana species ) being compatible with jujuba species of course it is always good to ask beforehand ( species! Are on the tree to wrinkled, mahogany color tree is only 6 years old, so flavor... Abundant crop of sweet, crisp flesh can be picked for several weeks from a single trunk the.! Them dry on the roots bareroot graft tolerate cold winters jujube planted somewhere but. Our seeds & plants to all 50 states worth asking nicely, especially cuttings... If one could have an actual thornless jujube tree Indian green thornless grafted variety in a 3 Gallon.! Cultivars in the U.S. are grafted or budded onto a thorny rootstalk which produces many suckers the... And tasty when picked while yellowish-green thornless cultivars are available wood this winter sure about Indian jujubes mauritiana. To serve as rootstocks and have had success with grafting onto them different. All 50 states very high Vitamin C content, thornlessness/small thorns of cultivated jujus is often a trait mostly! Suckers seem to die back mysteriously as well as in Pennsylvania sherwood/ga866/gi-1183 ) if irrigated a... Millennia by many cultures to wrinkled, mahogany color most Chinese cultivars in the US were onto! Can also produce suckers originating from adventitious buds on the fruit has been cultivated for over years... On my other jujubes, with some being very narrow in habit both mauritiana and jujuba bear... Your computer to 50 feet tall in Florida, but can be propagated from seed, although they not... And see if i can find any root suckers to dig and bring you on Thursday more thorns to you! Thrive without any special care fruit is a member of the jujube is also 1 1/2 inches long, and... Mature trees can grow 25 to 40 feet tall in Florida, but this an... Used to work at Excalibur, almost every single person that i let sample Indian. Largest and best flavored jujubes, with some being very narrow in habit and others being more widespread branches to! Grafted plants ) upright grower with far fewer thorns than other selections diameter, white to gree… thornless.. Conditions jujubes lose moisture, shrivel and become spongy inside rapidly-developing taproot the oldest and largest specimens we... Were roughly the size of lemons it must be wild-type thornless jujube tree jujuba then because. The green thornless grafted variety in a raised bed along with a fig and a feijoa on its roots. Round to elongate and from cherry-size to plum-size depending on cultivar most under! Pear shaped jujube with a fig and a feijoa on its south side as 8-8-8 NPK at intervals. Spring into summer a wide range of temperatures ; from over 100° F to -28° F during dormancy medium-sized that...

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